Abstract: During domestication, dogs have evolved human-like skills for functioning effectively in human societies. Findings of comparative psychology have shed light on the question of what skills dogs were selected for during domestication – namely skills that made them better able to communicate and cooperate with humans. However, if we want to understand the whole process of dog domestication, there are many compelling questions. Here I propose three lines of inquiry that should be considered– the starting point, process, and outcomes of domestication. In this talk I will present recent experiments from the DogLab Jena taking into account these three approaches.